Skin being the largest and the most sensitive organ of our body has a gigantic impact on how we are perceived by the world. If your skin looks fresh, it indicates that you are healthy. As our skin reflects our growing age, so it is very crucial to give the right care to your skin in order to keep its resiliencel and suppleness. So to maintain the flawless glow, skin analysis is vital to get a clear view of your skin.
Types of Skin
Skin types include normal, oily, dry, and sensitive. Some people also have a combination of skin types in different areas of their body. Your skin type can change over time. For example, younger people are more likely than older people to have a normal skin type. Skin types vary depending upon factors such as water content, which affects your skin's comfort and elasticity and oil (lipid) content, which affects your skin's softness & sensitivity.
- Normal Skin Type:
Normal skin is not too dry and not too oily.
- Combination Skin Type:
A combination skin type can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin).
- Dry Skin Type:
Dry skin is indicated by invisible pores, dull, rough complexion, red patches, less elasticity and more visible lines. When exposed to drying factors, skin can crack, peel, or become itchy, irritated, or inflamed. If your skin is very dry, it can become rough and scaly, especially on the backs of your hands, arms, and legs.
Dry skin may be caused or is made worse by genetic factors, aging or hormonal changes, weather such as wind, sun, or cold, ultraviolet (UV) radiation from tanning beds, indoor heating, long, hot baths and showers, ingredients in soaps, cosmetics, or cleansers in medications.
- Sensitive Skin Type:
If your skin is sensitive, try to find out what your triggers are so you can avoid them. You may have sensitive skin for a variety of reasons, but often it's in response to certain skin care products.
Sensitive skin manifests as: Red, itchy with feeling of burning and dryness.
Natural Moisturizing Factor
One of the primary elements in keeping skin healthy is making sure the structure of the epidermis (outer layer of skin) is intact. The components that do this are often called Natural Moisturizing Factors (NMF) or ingredients that mimic the structure and function of healthy skin. While the oil and fat components of the skin prevent evaporation of moisture and provide lubrication to the skin surface, it is actually the intercellular matrix, along with the skin's lipid content, that gives the skin its texture and feel.
The role of the NMF is to maintain adequate skin hydration. Adequate hydration serves three major functions: (1) it maintains elasticity of the skin, protecting it from damage (2) it allows hydrolytic enzymes to function in the process of desquamation and (3) it contributes to optimum stratum corneum barrier function. Traditionally, the stratum corneum is thought of as nonviable tissue. While this is true, the stratum corneum is a dynamic structure in which numerous enzymes still function, and these enzymes require a certain amount of water to perform. NMF water binding provides much of this necessary water. Many of these enzymes are involved in the process of desquamation, breaking the various bonds and forces holding the corneocytes together in the most superficial layers of the skin. Research shows the activity of these desquamatory enzymes is affected by water levels within the tissue.
Reduction or the lack of NMF has been correlated with various stratum corneum abnormalities that manifest clinically as areas of dry skin with scaling, flaking, or even fissuring and cracking. These conditions include psoriasis, ichthyosis vulgaris and xerosis It has been shown that the reduction in NMF levels is a normal feature, while in psoriatic skin and ichthyosis, the NMF is essentially absent.
Routine washing of the skin with soap has been shown to remove the NMF from the superficial layers of the stratum corneum. In fact, the outermost layers typically show reduced NMF levels, largely due to bathing or exposure to UV light. In addition, aging appears to dramatically reduce the amino acid content in the stratum corneum. Studies have shown a significant correlation between the hydration of the skin and its amino acid content. All of these conditions show characteristics of abnormal desquamation, with the accumulation of corneocytes resulting in the visible dryness, roughness, scaling, and flaking properties of dry skin
Starting from teenage years and moving towards your 50's and 60's, there are numerous changes that our skin goes through with the passage of time. The teenage skin type is generally affected by the body hormones and develops in combinations like normal, dry, oily. When you get into 20's your skin starts matureing and you even start getting premature wrinkles. The 30's skin looks tired and dull, and that's why it needs extra care. Pursuing towards your 40's, the wrinkles will start getting deeper and the ability of skin to hold moisture also decreases. Obviously, when you are into your 50's, your skin needs additional care as skin becomes mature. Finally when you are into your 60's, your skin becomes sensitive to infections.
But if proper skin analysis is done at the right time and complete care is given to your skin, you can still look young at all times and you will be able to delay the process of skin ageing. So it is advisable to start caring for your skin at an earliy age.